The fleet of ships was swept back to the island of aeolus, who angrily banished the miserable Odysseus from his island. Odysseus ships then met disaster in the land of the enormous laistrygones. Caught by surprise, all his moored ships but his own personal vessel were speared by the giants and carried off. Odysseus ship escaped alone. They arrived next on Circes island, and half the party was sent ahead to explore a visible column of smoke. Eurylochus, Odysseus second-in-command, led the men to circes cottage. The men entered at Circes invitation, but Eurylochus himself refused to enter. Once inside, the men feasted with Circe, who transformed them into swine.
The Odyssey, books 1-4
He then recounts report his adventure with Polyphemus the cyclops. Having left most of his fleet at a different part of the cyclopes isle, odysseus explored the strange land in his own vessel. He chose twelve men from his ship to join him in exploring the cavernous home of Polyphemus. However, when Polyphemus returned to his lair, he rolled a great stone over the entrance to his cave and proceeded to eat Odysseus men two at a time, till only six remained with their leader. Odysseus tricked Polyphemus into drinking a potent wine unmixed with water, and while the giant Cyclops snored drunkenly, odysseus and his men gouged out Polyphemus eye with a wooden stake. Odysseus cunning allowed them to escape the cave despite polyphemus attempts to block the cave entrance with his body. After his ship set out to sea to rejoin his fleet, he called to taunt Polyphemus, and the latter cursed him in his father Poseidons name. This is how Odysseus incurred the enmity of this powerful deity. Odysseus next borrowed from aeolus the divine bag which sealed up the worlds winds. However, Odysseus greedy companions meant to seize some of their masters treasure, and unintentionally released all the winds at once.
Odysseus and nausikaa encounter each other, and the latter agrees to take him to the palace of her father, Alcinoös. Odysseus, aided again by Athene, is welcomed warmly by Alcinoös and his queen, Arete. There is great feasting accompanied by the singing of the blind bard Demodocus, who recounts many of the Greek heroes exploits in the Trojan War as well as narrating an amusing tale of the gods. There are also great games played in which Odysseus essay reluctantly takes part with great success. Having heard of Odysseus journey from Calypsos isle, alcinoös agrees to assist Odysseus with the Phaeaceans magic ships, which can reach any destination in the world and return in a single day. However, Odysseus hosts remain ignorant of his identity. When they learn he is the famous adventurer, Odysseus, they demand he tell them of his many adventures. Odysseus begins his tale with the departure of his twelve ships from Troy and his early encounters with the ciconians and Lotus-Eaters.
Capturing Proteus to obtain information concerning his own homecoming, menelaus inadvertently discovered Odysseus fate: namely, his imprisonment on Calypsos isle. Although unsure if Odysseus survived the intervening years, menelaus is able to offer this information to telemachus, who is still pessimistic concerning his fathers fate. Meanwhile, the god Hermes has been sent to calypsos write isle to demand Odysseus liberation in zeuss name. The nymph reluctantly agrees, and sends Odysseus on his way in a raft of with his own making. However, poseidon sees Odysseus escape, and sends a storm to destroy him. With the help of Athene and the sea goddess, leukothea, odysseus is able to swim for several days and land exhausted on the isle of the Phaeaceans: Scheria. After having secured shelter for himself beneath a bush, Odysseus is wakened the next morning by the playful dancing of nausikaa, princess of the Phaeaceans, and the handmaids who accompany her to do the palace laundry.
When his mother finds out, she despairs with the thought that Telemachus will share his fathers fate. The suitors, angered at Telemachus departure, sail out themselves to set an ambush for his return. Telemachus arrives at Pylus with Athene, who is disguised as the elder friend of Odysseus, mentor. There telemachus is warmly received and entertained by the aged Nestor, the famous counselor of the Trojan War. Nestor informs Telemachus of the various ill-fated homecomings of the Greeks, especially the fate of Agamemnon, commander of the Greeks at Troy, who was slain by his wife, clytemnestra, and her lover, aegisthus. He then advises Telemachus to visit Menelaus, Agamemnons brother, where he rules in Sparta. Borrowing a chariot from Nestor, telemachus travels to Sparta with peisistratus, nestors son. Menelaus and his queen, helen, whose retreat with Paris instigated the Trojan War, entertain Telemachus with splendor. Menelaus tells his guests of his own wanderings which resulted in his encounter with the Old Man of the sea, proteus.
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Unfortunately, the ruse has been discovered by the suitors, who now demand she choose one of them immediately. The suitors, who have been awaiting her decision for several years, have in the meantime spent their days feasting in Odysseus hall. In so doing, they are devouring his livestock and abusing his servants. The direct victim of their voracious behavior is Tele-machus, the son of Odysseus who is now approaching manhood. Telemachus, who is the heir of Odysseus property and title, is constantly derided and taunted by the suitors who waste his fathers household.
Athene, goddess of wisdom and daughter of zeus, begs her father to allow Odysseus to return home at last, for he has languished for seven years on the isle of the nymph Calypso, who holds him captive. Despite his brother Poseidons hatred of Odysseus because of the fate of Polyphemus, zeus yields to his daughter. Obtaining permission and aid from her father, Athene comes down from mount Olympus to visit Telemachus in disguise. She convinces him that he should sail abroad and seek information concerning his father. Though feeling hopeless concerning his fathers fate, tele-machus agrees to the journey. Athene manages person to get together a crew and ship for Telemachus, and he departs without informing his mother or the suitors.
Bow in hand, he shoots and kills the suitor Antinous and reveals his identity. With Telemachus, eumaeus, and his goatherd Philoitios at his side, odysseus leads the massacre of the suitors, aided only at the end by Athena. Odysseus lovingly reunites with Penelope, his knowledge of their bed that he built the proof that overcomes her skepticism that he is an impostor. Outside of town, Odysseus visits his ailing father, laertes, but an army of the suitors' relatives quickly finds them. With the encouragement of a disguised Athena, laertes strikes down the ringleader, Antinous' father.
Before the battle can progress any further, Athena, on command from zeus, orders peace between the two sides. Summary of the work, odysseus, lord of the isle of Ithaca, has been missing from his kingdom for twenty years. The first ten were spent fighting in the Trojan War, and the next ten were spent in continual wanderings en route home from the war. His wife penelope, meanwhile, has been harassed by dozens of suitors who have come to win her hand in marriage. Penelope, desperately clinging to the hope that her husband is still alive, tries to stall the suitors by making them an idle promise: she will choose a husband from among them when she has finished weaving a burial shroud for her father-in-law, laertes, who presently. However, when alone at night, penelope secretly undoes the work of the shroud so that the fabrication of the garment will go on indefinitely.
The Odyssey - materials compiled by nada AbiSamra
Athena disguises Odysseus as a beggar and instructs him to seek out his old swineherd, eumaeus; she will recall Telemachus from his own travels. With Athena's help, telemachus avoids the suitors' ambush and reunites with his father, who database reveals his identity only to his son and swineherd. He devises a plan to overthrow the suitors with their help. In disguise as a beggar, Odysseus investigates his palace. The suitors and a few of his old servants generally treat him rudely as Odysseus sizes up the loyalty of Penelope and his other servants. Penelope, who notes the resemblance between the beggar and her presumably dead husband, proposes a contest: she will, at last, marry the suitor essay who can string Odysseus' great bow and shoot an arrow through a dozen axe heads. Only Odysseus can pull off the feat.
On their next stop, the goddess Circe tricked Odysseus' men and turned them into pigs. With the help of the god Hermes, Odysseus defied her spell and metamorphosed the pigs back into men. They stayed on her island for a year in the lap of luxury, with Odysseus as her lover, before moving on and resisting the temptations of the seductive and dangerous Sirens, navigating between the sea monster Scylla and the whirlpools of Charybdis, and plumbing the. Resting on the island of Helios, Odysseus' men disobeyed his orders not to touch the oxen. At sea, zeus punished them and all but Odysseus died mass in a storm. It was then that Odysseus reached Calypso's island. Odysseus finishes his story, and the Phaeacians hospitably give him gifts and ferry him home on a ship.
prisoner and lover he has been for the last eight years. Odysseus sets sail on a makeshift raft, but the sea god. Poseidon, whose wrath Odysseus incurred earlier in his adventures by blinding Poseidon's son, the cyclops Polyphemus, conjures up a storm. With Athena's help, Odysseus reaches the Phaeacians. Their princess, nausicaa, who has a crush on the handsome warrior, opens the palace to the stranger. Odysseus withholds his identity for as long as he can until finally, at the Phaeacians' request, he tells the story of his adventures. Odysseus relates how, following the Trojan War, his men suffered more losses at the hands of the kikones, then were nearly tempted to stay on the island of the drug-addled Lotus Eaters. Next, the cyclops Polyphemus devoured many of Odysseus' men before an ingenious plan of Odysseus' allowed the rest to escape - but not before Odysseus revealed his name to polyphemus and thus started his personal war with Poseidon. The wind god Ailos then provided Odysseus with a bag of winds to aid his return home, but the crew greedily opened the bag and sent the ship to the land of the giant, man-eating laistrygonians, where they again barely escaped.
Now it was time for Odysseus and his fellow warriors to return to their kingdoms across the sea. Here begins the tale of the Odyssey, as sung by the blind minstrel. Ten years after the fall of Troy, the victorious Greek hero. Odysseus has presentation still not returned to his native ithaca. A band of rowdy suitors, believing Odysseus to be dead, has overrun his palace, courting his faithful - though weakening - wife, penelope, and going through his stock of food. With permission from zeus, the goddess. Athena, odysseus' greatest immortal ally, appears in disguise and urges Odysseus' son. Telemachus to seek news of his father at Pylos and Sparta.
M: The Odyssey ( gareth
The, trojan War was over. The clever Greek odysseus had tricked the enemy into bringing a colossal wooden horse within the walls of Troy. The Trojans had no idea that Greek soldiers were hidden inside, under the command of Odysseus. The Greeks had been been laying siege to Troy for nine long years, but suddenly it looked like their whole army had departed, leaving the horse behind. That night, while the Trojans slept, Odysseus and friend his men emerged from the horse's belly. Opening the city gates, they admitted their comrades, who had snuck back in the dark. Troy was sacked and the Trojans utterly vanquished.