Instead of fearing natures earthquakes, floods, storms, and diseases, elements, which seem to mock human control, man can pray to god asking for good tidings. To freud, civilization has not yet reached a perfect. Freud and his Critics who gave me a new liverbut left me my old spleen. Introduction: The Anti-Freudian mood, everybody knows that Freud has fallen from grace. Whenever I have told someone that I waswriting a book about him, the response has almost invariably been the same: Hasnt he beendisproved? Or I have been asked about the latest scandal from the newspapers: Wasnt he acocaine addict? Didnt he lie about his patients being sexually abused? Freuds ReputationShrinks a little read a recent front-page headline in the.
Freud, sigmund Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
As Freud says, mans arguments are of no avail against their passions. Here is where sigmund Freud finds a flaw in the foundation religion. As an atheist, he believes that people who believe in a god or participate in religion are illusional. Freud is a man of science, not faith. He bases his hypothesis exclusively on facts gathered by psychological experiments conducted on humans. If one cannot prove that there is life after death, then it does not exist to him. He explains religious illusion with an analogy. Examples of illusions which have proved true are not easy to find, but the illusion of the alchemist that all metals can be turned into gold jfk might be one of them. (Freud, The future of an Illusion.39). He goes on to explain that religion and alchemy are both illusional, the alchemist want large sums of gold and believers want immortality and a forgiving Father figure to protect them against the unknowns of nature. Freud explains that humans developed religion because of their psychological need for a transcendent being in order to make the impersonal personal.
Without manmade laws and coercion or rules that are presented by god, civilization would not survive or even have been born. Yet, as is the case with many other people, i disagree with his views on religion. I do not believe that religion was created by man, but by a higher being. It is impossible for me to believe that science will destroy religion because for every question science answers many more questions arise. The more science reveals about nature the more apparent it is to me that only a higher being could have created everything. As Freud states i am one of the unpersuadable. Civilization is not only made by technological development but also show more content, if two people are having an argument and killing was permitted, the outcome is obvious, their instincts would persist and killing would follow.
Addiction is a complex interdisciplinary problem, therefore more than one explanation of addictive behaviour origin can be found in a specialized literature. Despite the fact that preference is given to biological theories currently, also other theses play an important role in searching for predisposited factors of a desease called addiction. During the ambulatory treatment it is surely difficult to cover all factors responsible for starting long term abuse, addiction. It is complicated to eliminate them through pharmacological or psychological way or prevent them. This article should offer a short and transparent excursion to the roots of dependence and thus enable a subsequent search for an efficient therapy. Keywords: discent approach, homeostasis codependence, macro environment, micro environment, nac, piaget, attachement theory, transaction analysis, trigger). Show More, to a certain extent I can agree with Freuds views on natural instinct.
Sigmund Freud, austrian psychoanalyst
Patogeneze závislosti 1, lékařská fakulta uk v plzni. Psychiatrická klinika fn punjabi a lf uk v plzni. Závislost je komplexní chronické onemocnění cns, jehož příčiny vzniku jsou multifaktoriální. Existuje množství rozdílných pohledů na vznik a původ závislosti jako nemoci. Závislost je složitým interdisciplinárním problémem, proto se v odborné literatuře nenachází jen jedno vysvětlení vzniku závislostního chování. I když je v dnešní době dávána přednost biologickým teoriím, i ostatní teze hrají důležitou roli v hledání predispozičních faktorů nemoci zvané závislost.
Při ambulantní léčbě je obtížné postihnout všechny faktory, které mohou být jedním ze spouštěčů dlouhodobého abúzu, závislosti. Je obtížné je eliminovat farmakologickou nebo psychologickou cestou nebo jim předcházet. Tento článek by měl nabídnout krátkou a přehlednou exkurzi ke kořenům závislosti a usnadnit tak následné hledání účinné terapie. Klíčová slova: discentní přístup, homeostáza, kodependence, makroprostředí, mikroprostředí, nac, piaget, teorie attachementu, transakční analýza, trigger. Pathogenesis of addiction, dependence is a complex chronic desease of cns, the creation reasons of which are multifactorial. A lot of different views on origin and background of addiction as a desease exist.
13 14 see also edit lewes 1988,. . 48 a b c Lewes 1988 a b Freud 1991,. . 58 a b Freud 1991,. . 375 a b levay 1996,. . 371400 oconnor ryan 1993,. . 423424 "Sexual orientation, homosexuality and bisexuality".
Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2013. Retrieved from " ". A collection of Freud's major texts on love, human relations and loss, including: "The taboo on Virginity "On Female sexuality "A Child is being beaten "Three essays. Pro Praxi, 2009; 10(6 257-259.
Humor, internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
By asking me if I can help your son, you mean, i suppose, if I can abolish homosexuality and make normal heterosexuality take its place. The answer is, in a general way we cannot promise to achieve. In a certain number of cases we succeed in developing the blighted germs of heterosexual tendencies, which are present in every homosexual; in the majority of cases it is biography no more possible. It is a question of the quality and the age of the individual. The result of treatment cannot be predicted. What analysis can do for your son runs in a different line. If he is unhappy, neurotic, torn london by conflicts, inhibited in his social life, analysis may bring him harmony, peace of mind, full efficiency, whether he remains homosexual or gets changed. 12 Modern perspectives edit Though modern medical professional organizations share Freud's opinion that attempts to change sexual orientation are not helpful, they also do not find that a sort of arrested development explains homosexuality or that interpersonal relationships are what determine sexual orientation.
4 letter edit In 1935, Freud wrote to a mother who had asked him to treat her son's homosexuality, a letter that would later become famous: 4 I gather from your letter that your son is a homosexual. I am most impressed by the fact that you online do not mention this term yourself in your information about him. May i question you why you avoid it? Homosexuality is assuredly no advantage, but it is nothing to be ashamed of, no vice, no degradation; it cannot be classified as an illness; we consider it to be a variation of the sexual function, produced by a certain arrest of sexual development. Many highly respectable individuals of ancient and modern times have been homosexuals, several of the greatest men among them. (Plato, michelangelo, leonardo da vinci, etc). It is a great injustice to persecute homosexuality as a crime and a cruelty, too. If you do not believe me, read the books of havelock Ellis.
5 7 8, in fact Steinach's method was doomed to failure because the immune systems of his patients rejected the transplanted glands, and was eventually exposed as ineffective and often harmful. 8, female homosexuality edit Freud's main discussion of female homosexuality was the 1920 paper "The Psychogenesis of a case of Homosexuality in a woman which described his analysis of a young woman who had entered therapy because her parents were concerned that she was. Her father hoped that psychoanalysis would cure her lesbianism, but in Freud's view, the prognosis was unfavourable because of the circumstances under which the woman entered therapy, and because the homosexuality was not an illness or neurotic conflict. Freud wrote that changing homosexuality was difficult and therefore possible only under unusually favourable conditions, observing that "in general to undertake to convert a fully developed homosexual into a heterosexual does not offer much more prospect of success than the reverse." 9 Success meant making. 7 views on attempts to change homosexuality edit Freud believed that homosexuals could seldom be convinced that sex with someone of the opposite sex would provide them with the same pleasure they derived from sex with someone of the same sex. Patients often had only superficial reasons to want to become heterosexual, pursuing treatment due to social disapproval, which was not a strong enough motive for change. Some patients might have no real desire to become heterosexual, seeking treatment only so that they could convince themselves that they had done everything possible to change, leaving them free to return to homosexuality afterwards. Freud, therefore, told the parents only that he was prepared to study their daughter to determine what effects therapy might have. Freud concluded that he was probably dealing with a case of biologically innate homosexuality, and eventually broke off the treatment because of what he saw as his patient's hostility to men.
In his view, this was true anatomically legs and therefore also mentally and psychologically. Heterosexuality and homosexuality both developed from this original bisexual disposition. 2, as one of the causes of homosexuality, freud mentions the distressing heterosexual experience: "Those cases are of particular interest in which the libido changes over to an inverted sexual object after a distressing experience with a normal one." 3, freud appears to have been. Freud frequently called homosexuality an "inversion something which in his view was distinct from the necessarily pathological perversions, and suggested that several distinct kinds might exist, cautioning that his conclusions about it were based on a small and not necessarily representative sample of patients. 4 5, freud derived much of his information on homosexuality from psychiatrists and sexologists such. Richard von Krafft-Ebing and, magnus Hirschfeld, and was also influenced. Eugen Steinach, a, viennese endocrinologist who transplanted testicles from straight men into gay men in attempts to change their sexual orientation. Freud stated that Steinach's research had "thrown a strong light on the organic determinants of homoeroticism 6 but cautioned that it was premature to expect that the operations he performed would make possible a therapy that could be generally applied.
Sigmund Freud the holocaust http www
From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality have been described as deterministic, whereas he would ascribe biological and psychological factors in explaining the principal causes of homosexuality. Freud believed that reviews humans are born with unfocused sexual libidinal drives, and therefore argued that homosexuality might be a deviation from this. Nevertheless, he also felt that certain deeply rooted forms of homosexuality were difficult or impossible to change. Contents, overview edit, freud's most important articles on homosexuality were written between 1905, when he published. Three essays on the Theory of Sexuality, and 1922, when he published "Certain neurotic Mechanisms in jealousy, paranoia, and Homosexuality". 1, freud believed that all humans were bisexual, by which he primarily meant that everyone incorporates aspects of both sexes, and that everyone is sexually attracted to both sexes.